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Sally Jessy Raphael

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  Summary  

Sally Lowenthal , better known as Sally Jessy Raphael, is an American talk show host, known for the eponymous Sally talk show she hosted for two decades.

  Biography  

 early years
Raphael was born in Easton, Pennsylvania and graduated from Easton Area High School in the city. She was raised in San Juan, Puerto Rico where her father, Jesse Lowenthal, was in the rum exporting business and her mother, Dede Lowry (née Raphael), an artist, ran an art gallery. She also spent part of her teenage years in Scarsdale, New York, where one of her first media jobs was at the local AM radio station, WFAS. The station did a program by and for junior high school students and Raphael read the news. She attended Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the University of Puerto Rico in Puerto Rico. Raphael studied Acting under the tutelage of Sanford Meisner at New York City's prestigious Neighborhood Playhouse.

She earned a BFA from Columbia University in New York City, although some sources say her degree was in journalism. She also told an interviewer for CBS Marketwatch.com in 2001 that she had a master's degree from the University of Puerto Rico. At one point, she thought about becoming an actress but ultimately decided to go into broadcasting.

 career
 Journalism and broadcasting
Following her graduation from Columbia University, Raphael became a news correspondent, covering Central America for the Associated Press and United Press International, thanks in large part to her ability to speak both English and Spanish fluently. She also got considerable experience in the media in Puerto Rico, where she worked in both radio and television—one of her jobs was doing a TV cooking show. It was while working in radio that she met the man who became her second husband, Karl Soderlund, who was the general manager of a radio station that hired her. After he was fired, the two left Puerto Rico to work in Miami, Florida. It was while Raphael was on the air as a radio announcer in Miami that she met and became friends with talk show host Larry King.

By her own admission, Raphael's broadcasting career was not an immediate success. She told numerous reporters over the years that she bounced around from station to station in both Puerto Rico and the United States, working as a disc jockey, news reporter, and the host of a show where she interviewed celebrities. It seemed none of her jobs lasted very long, often through no fault of her own: in radio, stations often changed owners, and when that happened, staff changes resulted. But no matter how many jobs she lost, she refused to give up, even though at one point, she had worked at 24 stations, and was fired from 18 of them. For a brief period of time, her financial situation was so dire that she was on food stamps. But fortunately, in the early 1980s, she would finally get the right opportunity when she was asked to do a call-in advice show on radio. In the late 1980s, she guest starred as herself in
The Equalizer episode "Making of a Martyr".

 Talk show
Raphael's husband Karl Soderlund assumed the role of her manager, and was a partner in her two biggest successes. She hosted a radio call-in advice show distributed by NBC Talknet which ran from Monday November 2, 1981 to 1987, but is most famous for hosting the television talk show, The Sally Jessy Raphael Show , which ran in first-run syndication from October 17, 1983 to 2002. "Talknet" was brand new when she came to the attention of producer Maurice Tunick. According to David Richards of The Washington Post, Tunick had auditioned a number of potential hosts, but hadn't yet found the right one. Tunick gave Raphael a one-hour trial run on NBC's Washington, D.C. affiliate, WRC, in August 1981. Before going on the air, she decided that rather than doing a political show, she would give advice and discuss subjects she knew a lot about, such as relationship problems. Soon, her advice show was being heard on over 200 radio stations, and she developed a loyal group of fans.

One of those fans turned out to be talk show legend Phil Donahue who happened to hear her show one night and liked how she related to the audience. His encouragement led to a tryout on television, where producer Burt Dubrow gave her a chance to be a guest host on a talk show of his. She was not very polished, but people who had loved her radio show were very positive about her being on TV. Her non-threatening and common-sense manner appealed to Dubrow, who believed she would gain more confidence as she got some TV experience. By mid-October 1983, she was given her own show on KSDK-TV in St. Louis. The Sally Jessy Raphael Show was only a half-hour, but it was the beginning of her successful career as a talk show host.

Raphael became known to TV viewers for her oversized red-framed glasses, a trademark that began entirely by accident. In 1983, she began having trouble seeing the Teleprompter clearly, and she went to buy some reading glasses at a nearby store. All they had was a pair with red frames, and being in a hurry, she bought them. While her bosses disliked them, the audience seemed to think they looked good, so she kept wearing that style from then on. In 1989, Raphael won the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk Show.

But during the 1990s, as competition in the talk show arena intensified, her show moved toward more sensationalistic topics, as did many of the other talk show hosts who were her competition, including Jerry Springer and Maury Povich.

By 2000, both Raphael and Springer were in decline. As one media critic observed, Springer's ratings were the lowest they had been in 3 years, but Raphael's ratings were now the lowest they had been in 12 years. Prior to the ratings declines, Raphael was already having problems with her syndicator: she believed that USA Networks Inc. was more interested in doing promotion for Springer, whose show was at the peak of its popularity and Povich, who had recently left Paramount Television to join USA's syndication arm, than they ever were for her show. She celebrated the anniversary of her 3,500th episode in early 1998, but after that, as her ratings began to decrease and her dissatisfaction with her syndicator persisted, it seemed only a matter of time before her relationship with USA Networks would come to an end. By March 2002, it was announced that after an 18-year run, her show was being canceled. Ironically, in 2002 Raphael was named by Talkers magazine to both their 25 Greatest Radio Talk Show Hosts of all time (she was #5), and the 25 Greatest Television Talk Show Hosts of all time (she was #11). She was one of only three personalities to make both the radio and the TV lists.

As of 2005, she still hosted a daily radio show, Sally Jessy Raphael on Talknet (previously called Sally JR's Open House), on the Internet, and recently she began to transfer the format to local radio stations. At one time the show was heard on nearly 300 stations across the nation, including the top markets.

The show was eventually picked up by WVIE, Baltimore, Maryland, as the parent station, and is being syndicated among other AM stations in New England, the Mid-Atlantic and the Midwest, in addition to at least one station in Arizona. The show is still accessible on the internet , and began coverage on XM Satellite Radio's America's Talk channel on November 19, 2007. The name "Talknet" is a revival of the name of NBC Talknet, the now defunct radio network that carried her previous radio show from 1981 to 1987. July 4, 2008 was the last broadcast before a sudden vacation was announced. The show has not returned to the air since, but the website is still available.

On November 10, 2010, Raphael, along with former talk show hosts Phil Donahue, Geraldo Rivera, Ricki Lake and Montel Williams, were invited as guests on Oprah Winfrey's show. This was the first time that Winfrey had fellow talkers appear together since their programs left the air.

 personal life
Sally Jessy Raphael was married for the first time in 1953, at age 18, to Andrew Vladimir, with whom she had two daughters. In 1962 she married Karl Soderlund. Together they have an adopted son. Sally now resides in Dutchess County, New York.

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Whole or part of the information contained in this card come from the Wikipedia article "Sally Jessy Raphael", licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.